What are the components of blood?
Plasma performs several functions: transporting blood cells and nutrients; regulating the body’s water and mineral salts; irrigating tissues; providing a defence against infections; and coagulating blood.
The albumin contained in plasma prevents the blood from losing too much water and consistency as it travels through the narrow, water-permeable blood vessels (capillaries). Albumin transports various blood components and nutrients. The immunoglobulins also contained in plasma are antibodies that, along with white blood cells, play an important role in fighting against pathogens. Clotting factors, in combination with platelets, control hemorrhaging.
A deficiency in these proteins can cause various health problems. For example, the lack of albumin can lead to the inability to retain water in the vessels, the lack of immunoglobulins can lead to a decline in the body’s immune defences and a lack of clotting factors can lead to blood clotting anomalies.
Red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets are suspended in plasma.
Red Blood Cells
White Blood Cells